A woodworking dovetail is an almost universally popular joinery technique now used in woodworking, with the most common use being in joinery. Named for its visible joint, a dovetail joint occurs when the top face of one piece of wood overlaps the bottom piece of wood on the other side of the table. Unlike a mortise-and-tenon joint, a dovetail does not require joining pieces of wood to the exterior edges of each piece. Instead, it relies on the wood grain of the side pieces to provide a smooth joint. Often marked by a leaf-like indentation in the wood from where the wood was cut away to allow a “dovetail” joint to take place, a well-made dovetail looks very much like a dovetail.
If you’re looking for a woodworking project that can be accomplished by the average woodworker, the best bet would be a simple woodworking dovetail jig. The basic principle involves a simple joint at the surface of the two pieces of wood, with a notch running from the inside of the “divert” piece into the center of the “principle.” To create this sort of joint, you must have a table saw of reasonable length and a table knife with a blade that can cut across the piece with a reasonable degree of proficiency.
One common solution to this problem is to utilize a variable dovetail jig. In fact, it is probably more common than you realize because many people don’t even know it exists! The flexibility inherent in a variable dovetail jig allows you to work at various angles relative to one another. You can also use your template as a guide to ensure accuracy, but you do need to be able to accurately adjust the length of the blade on your saw.
The term dovetails refers to joints that run along two edges. The name comes from the fact that when sawed, dovetails appear like little boxes. There are two types of dovetails – half-blind and full-blind. Half-blind dovetails run parallel to each other but open up when the blade is placed through them. Full-blind dovetails allow the blade to pass through both sides of each joint, cutting them in two equal pieces.
A half-blind dovetail jig is great for woodworkers who are new to this kind of jointing process. It is easy enough to work with because the pieces of wood on which you will work do not need to be perfectly straight or parallel to each other. Rather, half-blind dovetails are somewhat unstable; they tend to bow slightly over time. That means you need to be very careful when forming your woodwork piece.
When you use a half-blind dovetail jig, the wood on which you will be working can be drilled before you attach the template to the end of the saw’s blade. The drill points will need to be in perfect line with the templates so that the wood can be centered properly. You do not need to place the template in a location where it might get in the way. In fact, you can drill right under the template, providing a smooth surface for placing your dovetail joints. This will make your cuts a lot easier and faster.
After the drilled areas have been smoothed out, you will need to select an appropriate type of wood to use for your joints. If your wood does not have a good moisture content, it will not hold well during your cutting process. Many people choose wood that contains small amounts of water because it tends to stay better than other types of wood. Typically, one pound of wood should be enough to do about six to twelve dovetail jigs. However, many people choose a lower quantity depending on the amount of stock they want to cut. The weight of the wood will also affect the price.
There are many other types of woodworking tools that can be used to form the various joint patterns, but the ones listed in the previous paragraphs are the most common. A moderately experienced woodworker will be able to accomplish a fairly easy pattern with these tools. The best way to find out which type of woodworking tool will work best is to try using them. In fact, if you do not have a woodworking template, you could always just purchase a phenolic plastic template to get the job done faster and easier.