Woodworking saws are primarily used to cut large pieces of wood in different shapes and sizes into desired shapes. Although the basic design and configuration of the blade itself can vary greatly, most saws have some type of straight or slightly curved blade with sharp cutting teeth. The wood being cut is held between the teeth of the saw. The wood can then be either pulled across the blade or pushed down into the blades themselves for a smooth, clean cut.
Most woodworking saws today have two main types of blades: a round blade and a flat-tipped blade. Round blade saw blades are primarily used for woodworking, however, because they are easier to control and move around compared to flat-tipped blades. Flat-tipped blades tend to be more versatile and are often used for both woodworking and cutting other materials like carpet. Many homeowners prefer the feel of a round blade, however, since it is easier to make quick adjustments if needed.
The second most common type of woodworking saws is those made of aluminum. These saws typically have a plastic or metal blade that is lightweight, meaning it can quickly shift from side to side when needed. Some of the most common types of these saws today are horizontal or vertical, depending on which direction the wood is being cut. These saws can also be mounted on a stand for easy access and versatility.
A few woodworking saws are designed to be used as a mitre saw, which is a compound miter saw with multiple cutting edges. Mitre boxes have a handle on top, and are perfect for cutting long pieces of wood parallel to the grain of the wood. The top edge of the box needs to be parallel to the bottom edge of the blade, otherwise the result will be a blade cross-cutting the wood. Because this is a more complex process, it is usually only used on larger jobs.
Miter saws, by contrast, cut in a crosswise fashion, which means the blade does not need to be parallel to the wood at all times. Instead, the blade should be able to make cuts perpendicular to the grain, or face down. Most saws with miter features have a depth adjustment so the blade can be varied in length to achieve various cuts. Another advantage of miter saw blades is that they can be mounted in a mitre box without the need for specialized equipment.
One of the most popular types of saws for woodworking are the circular saws. These saws feature a circular blade that spins when pressed into the wood. The spinning action of the circular saw allows for a more precise cutting depth. This is great for getting into tight areas or for making small cuts in a wide variety of wood. Some circular saws also feature fences that hook onto the blade and decrease the distance that the blade has to travel to cut the wood.
Another type of saw is the coping saw. Unlike the other types of saw mentioned above, the coping saw is specifically designed to make very straight cuts. These cuts are much finer than those of the other saws mentioned, and the result is a much cleaner cut and a faster speed rate. A coping saw also features a fine, straight blade that is able to bevel all the way to the opposite side of the board. This action reduces the need for back and forth movements during the cutting process, which helps reduce stress and cuts down on fatigue.
As you can see, there are several different types of saws available for woodworkers who wish to create beautiful furniture. Each saw has its own unique feature and characteristics. To determine which saw is best for your needs, it is important that you consult with a professional at your local hardware store.