Woodworking is a pursuit that has taken on a life of its own. Some people consider woodworking to be the art form of the 21st century, and the truth is there are lots of people who feel the same way. If you’ve taken a course in woodworking you’ve probably heard the terms used in it quite a bit. In this article you will find some woodworking terms that you need to familiarize yourself with as well. These may not always be at the top of your list when it comes time to start building something, but you’ll see they are a good way to get started understanding the world of woodworking. Don’t let the term “woodworking terms” scare you!
Clamping is one of the most important woodworking terms you need to know. This term simply means that you are holding two pieces of wood together by stitching or bonding them. The two pieces can be as small as a strip of maple wood, or as big as a piece of oak or birch. Clamping can be done with a hand instrument such as an awl, or it can be done with a power tool like a sander. When you have two pieces of wood that you want to join together, clamp them together and file down their grain until they are almost flush.
Face frame. One of the easiest things to forget when doing woodworking is that you need to draw a picture of your work. This picture will serve as your plans for the piece. Most plans have a face frame that represents what the piece should look like after it’s all cut up. This face frame is usually the top grain of the piece of lumber that you are planning on gluing or bonding.
Jig is another word you should become familiar with. A jig is a cross-cut cut or cutout. The cross-cut allows the cutting of several different angles, which gives the project added depth. Many tools use this term. A router, for instance, would use a jig to make a rabbet, or to make a ninety degree cut for a straight joint. A band saw would use a jig to make a crosscut and then a crosscut would be made back into the first cut to create a ninety degree joint.
Band saw. A band saw has a wide-toothed blade and a tapered cross-cut blade. These allow for angled cuts between workpieces that are to be joined. In order to cut a smooth joint, a band saw works best with a sharp blade. This allows for clean lines, as well as a flat, clean cutting path.
Table saw. Another woodworking term you need to know is the table saw, also known as the horizontal band saw. It is used to cut small pieces of wood that are for sawing in a horizontal manner.
Tongue-and-groove joint. This is one of the most common uses of a woodworking router, which is essentially a blade that you can lock into place and angle up and down. The router can also be made to remove cut ends of wood, which is what a crosscut angle grinder does. A tongue-and-groove joint is when two pieces of wood are placed in between each other and a small amount of wood is removed by the blade over a long distance. After the wood is removed, the two pieces of wood are joined by feeding the wood in between the other piece and the first piece, and using the grain of the first piece as a guide, the second piece is fed exactly into the first piece.
Mortise-and-tenon joint. This is another popular joint, and it is also something that people use when they are making furniture. Basically, the Mortise-and-tenon joint is when two pieces of wood are glued or nailed together at one point. When you do this, the pieces are pushed together from opposite sides, and because of that the two pieces of wood move slightly, so that when they are pushed together, they make a nice sort of joint.